Part 91 Administrative Rules

DEPARTMENT OF ENVIRONMENTAL QUALITY

LAND AND WATER MANAGEMENT DIVISION

 

(By authority conferred on the water resources commission  by sections 2 and 5 of Act No. 245 of the Public Acts of 1929, as amended, sections 33 and 63 of Act No. 306 of the Public Acts of 1969, as amended, and Executive Order No. 1976-8a, being §§323.2, 323.5, 24.233, and 24.263 of the Michigan Compiled Laws)

 

SOIL EROSION AND SEDIMENTATION CONTROL

 

R 323.1701   Definitions.

Rule 1701. (1) As used in this part:

 

(a)    "Accelerated soil erosion" means the increased loss of the land surface that occurs as a result of human activities.

(b)    "Acceptable erosion and sediment control program" means the activities of a county or local enforcing agency or authorized public agency that are conducted in accordance with these rules and part 91 regarding staff training, developing and reviewing plans, issuing permits, conducting inspections, and initiating compliance and enforcement actions to effectively minimize erosion and off-site sedimentation.

(c)     "Designated agent" means a person who has written authorization from the landowner to sign the application and secure a permit in the landowner's name.

(d)    "Lake" means the Great Lakes and all natural and artificial inland lakes or impounds that have definite banks, a bed, visible evidence of continued occurrence of water, and a surface area of water that is equal to, or greater than 1 acre.  "Lake" does not include sediment basins and basins constructed for the sole purpose of storm water retention, cooling water, or treating polluted water.

(e)    "Landowner" means the person who owns or holds a recorded easement on the property or who is engaged in construction in a public right-of-way in accordance with sections 13, 14, 15, and 16 of Act No. 368 of the Public Acts of 1925, as amended, being §§247.183, 247.184, 247.185, and 247.186 of the Michigan Compiled Laws.

(f)      "Non-erosive velocity" means a speed of water movement that is not conducive to the development of accelerated soil erosion.

(g)    "Part 91" means Part 91 of Act No. 451 of the Public Acts of 1994, as amended, being §§324.9101 to 324.9123 of the Michigan Compiled Laws.

(h)     "Sediment basin" means a naturally occurring or constructed depression used for the sole purpose of capturing sediment during and after an earth change activity.

(i)      "Stabilization" means the establishment of vegetation or the proper placement, grading. or covering of soil to ensure its resistance to soil erosion, sliding, or other earth movement.

(j) "Storm water retention basin" means an area which is constructed to capture surface water runoff and which does not discharge directly to a lake or stream through an outlet.  Water leaves the basin by infiltration and evaporation.

(k)     "Stream" means a river, creek, or other surface watercourse which may or may not be serving as a drain as defined in Act No. 40 of the Public Acts of 1956, as amended, being §281.1 et seq. of the Michigan Compiled Laws, and which has definite banks, a bed, and visible evidence of the continued flow or continued occurrence of water, including the connecting waters of the Great Lakes.

(l) "Temporary soil erosion and sedimentation control measures" means interim control measures which are installed or constructed to control soil erosion and sedimentation and which are not maintained after project completion.

(m) "Permanent soil erosion and sedimentation control measures" means those control measures which are installed or constructed to control soil erosion and sedimentation and which are maintained after project completion.

 

(2)       The terms defined in Part 91 have the same meanings when used in these rules.

 

History:  1954 ACS 81, Eff. Jan. 1, 1975; 1979 AC; 1998 MR 7, Eff. July 15, 1998.

 

 

R 323.1702  Earth change requirements generally.

 

Rule 1702. (1) A person shall conduct an earth change in a manner that will    effectively reduce accelerated soil erosion and resulting sedimentation.

 

(2)       A person engaged in an earth change identified in R 323.1704 shall plan, implement, and maintain acceptable soil erosion and sedimentation control measures in conformance with Part 91, which effectively reduce accelerated soil erosion and off-site sedimentation.

 

(3)       A person shall set forth Soil erosion and sedimentation control measures in a plan as prescribed by R 323.1703. A person shall make the plan available for inspection at all times at the site of the earth change. The department or its designated representative may require the county or local enforcing agency to file a copy of the plan with the department.

 

(4)               A person shall obtain a permit containing state prescribed information, as required by R 323.1707 and make the permit available for inspection at the site of the earth change.

 

History:  1954 ACS 81, Eff. Jan. 1, 1975; 1979 AC; 1998 MR 7, Eff. July 15, 1998.


R 323.1703  Soil erosion and sedimentation control plan requirements.

 

Rule 1703. A person shall prepare a soil erosion and sedimentation control plan for any earth change identified in R 323.1704. A person shall design the plan to effectively reduce accelerated soil erosion and sedimentation, and shall identify factors that may contribute to soil erosion or sedimentation or both.  The plan shall include, but not be limited to, all of the following:

 

            (a)       A map or maps at a scale of not more than 200 feet to the inch or as otherwise determined by the county or local enforcing agency.  A map shall include a legal description and site location sketch that includes the proximity of any proposed earth change to lakes or streams, or both; predominant land features; and contour intervals or slope description.

            (b)       A soils survey or a written description of the soil types of the exposed land area contemplated for the earth change.

            (c)        Details for proposed earth changes including all of the following:

                           (i)         A description and the location of the physical limits of each proposed earth change.

                          (ii)         A description and the location of all existing and proposed on‑site drainage and dewatering facilities.

                         (iii)         The timing and sequence of each proposed earth change.

                         (iv)         A description and the location of all proposed temporary soil erosion control measures.

(v)        The location and description for installing and removing all proposed permanent soil erosion and sediment control measures.

(vi)              A program proposal for the continued maintenance of all permanent soil erosion and sediment control measures that remain after project completion, including the designation of the person responsible for the maintenance.  Maintenance responsibilities shall become a part of any sales or exchange agreement for the land on which the permanent soil erosion control measures are located.

 

History:  1954 ACS 81, Eff. Jan. 1, 1975; 1979 AC; 1998 MR 7, Eff. July 15, 1998.

 

R 323.1704  Permit requirements.

 

Rule 1704.  (1) A land owner or designated agent who contracts for, allows or engages in an earth change in this state shall obtain a permit from the appropriate enforcing agency before commencing an earth change which disturbs 1 or more acres of land, or which is within 500 feet of the water's edge of a lake or stream, unless exempted in R 323.1705.


(2)       An earth change activity that does not require a permit under subrule (1)  of this rule is not exempt from enforcement procedures under Part 91 or these rules, if the activity exempted by subrule (1) of this rule causes or results  in a violation of Part 91 or these rules.

 

History:  1954 ACS 81, Eff. Jan. 1, 1975; 1979 AC; 1998 MR 7, Eff. July 15, 1998.

 

R 323.1705  Permit exemptions and waivers.

 

Rule 1705. (1) A permit is not required for any of the following:

            (a)       A beach nourishment project permitted under Part 325 of Act No. 451of the Public Acts of 1994, as amended, being S324.32501 et seq. of the Michigan Compiled Laws.

            (b)       Normal road and driveway maintenance, such as grading or leveling, that does not increase the width or length of the road or driveway and that will not contribute sediment to lakes or streams.

            (c)        An earth change of a minor nature that is stabilized within 24 hours of the initial earth disturbance and that will not contribute sediment to lakes or streams.

            (d)       Installation of oil, gas, and mineral wells under permit from the supervisor of wells if the owner-operator is found by the supervisor of wells to be in compliance with the conditions of Part 91.

 

(2)       A county or local enforcing agency may grant a permit waiver for an earth change after receiving a signed affidavit from the landowner stating that the earth change will disturb less than 225 square feet and that the earth change will not contribute sediment to lakes or streams.

 

(3)       Exemptions provided in subrules (1) and (2) of this rule shall not be construed as exemptions from enforcement procedures under Part 91 or these rules, if the activities exempted by subrules (1) and (2) of this rule cause or result in a violation of Part 91 or these rules.

 

History:  1954 ACS 81, Eff. Jan. 1, 1975; 1979 AC; 1998 MR 7, Eff. July 15, 1998.

 

R 323.1706  Application for permit.

 

Rule 1706.  (1) A landowner or designated agent shall submit an application for a     permit to the appropriate enforcing agency.

 

(2)       A landowner or designated agent shall submit, with the application a soil erosion and sedimentation control plan and any other document that the appropriate enforcing agency may require.

 

(3)       The county or local enforcing agency shall provide an application requiring state prescribed information to the applicant.


(4)       An authorized public agency is exempt from obtaining a permit from a county or local enforcing agency but shall notify the county or local enforcing agency of each proposed earth change.

 

History: 1954 ACS 81, Eff. Jan. 1, 1975; 1979 AC; 1998 MR 7, Eff. July 15, 1998.

 

R 323.1707  Application review and permit procedures.

 

Rule 1707.  (1) A person who is designated by the county or local enforcing agency who is trained in soil erosion and sedimentation control methods and techniques shall review and approve a soil erosion and sedimentation control plan.

 

(2)       The appropriate enforcing agency shall approve, disapprove, or require modification of an application for an earth change permit within 30 calendar days following receipt of the application.  The enforcing agency shall notify an applicant of approval by first-class mail.  If an application is disapproved, then the enforcing agency shall advise the applicant by certified mail of its reasons for disapproval and conditions required for approval.  The enforcing agency need not notify an applicant of approval or disapproval by mail if the applicant is given written approval or disapproval of the application in person. A permit given to the applicant either in person or by first-class mail constitutes approval.

 

(3)       If an earth change is under the jurisdiction of 2 or more local or county enforcing agencies then the department shall act as the enforcing agency.

 

(4)       A permit that contains state prescribed information shall be used by each county or local enforcing agency and shall include any additional provisions required by the county or local enforcing agency.  The permit shall be available at the site of the earth change for inspection.

 

(5)       Upon a determination that a permit applicant has met all of the requirements of these rules, Part 91 and the local ordinance, if applicable, the appropriate enforcing agency shall issue a permit for the proposed earth change.

 

History:  1954 ACS 81, Eff. Jan. 1, 1975; 1979 AC; 1998 MR 7, Eff. July 15, 1998.

 

R 323.1708  Soil erosion and sedimentation control procedures and measures generally.

 

Rule 1708.  A person who applies for an earth change permit shall incorporate the soil erosion and sedimentation control procedures and measures prescribed by R 323.1709 and R 323.1710 into the soil erosion and sedimentation control plan and shall apply the procedures and measures to all earth changes identified in the plan, unless the person preparing the plan shows to the satisfaction of the appropriate enforcing agency that altering of the control procedures or measures, or including other control procedures or measures, will prevent accelerated soil erosion and sedimentation during the earth change.

 

History: 1954 ACS 81, Eff. Jan. 1, 1975; 1979 AC; 1998 MR 7, Eff. July 15, 1998.

 

R 323.1709  Earth change requirements: time; sediment removal; design installation, and removal of temporary or permanent control measures.

 

Rule 1709. (1) A person shall design, construct, and complete an earth change in a manner that limits the exposed area of any disturbed land for the shortest possible period of time as determined by the county or local enforcing agency.

 

(2)       A person shall remove sediments caused by accelerated soil erosion from runoff water before it leaves the site of the earth change.

 

(3)       A person shall design a temporary or permanent control measure that is designed and constructed for the conveyance of water around, through or from the earth change area to limit the water flow to a non-erosive velocity.

 

(4)       A person shall install temporary soil erosion and sedimentation control measures before or upon commencement of the earth change activity and shall maintain the measures on a daily basis.  A person shall remove temporary soil erosion and sedimentation control measures after permanent soil erosion measures are in place and the area is stabilized.  A person shall stabilize the area with permanent soil erosion control measures under approved standards and specifications as prescribed by R 323.1710.

 

(5)       A person shall complete permanent soil erosion control measures for all slopes, channels, ditches or any disturbed land area within 5 calendar days after final grading or the final earth change has been completed. If it is not possible to permanently stabilize a disturbed area after an earth change has been completed or if significant earth change activity ceases, then a person shall maintain temporary soil erosion and sedimentation control measures until permanent soil erosion control measures are in place and the area is stabilized.

 

History: 1954 ACS 81, Eff. Jan. 1, 1975; 1979 AC; 1998 MR 7, Eff. July 15, 1998.

 


R 323.1710   Standards and specifications.

 

Rule 1710. A person shall complete all temporary and permanent erosion and sedimentation control measures according to the approved plan or operating procedures.

 

(1)       A person shall install and maintain control measures in accordance with the standards and specifications of all of the following:

            (a)       The product manufacturer.

            (b)       The local conservation district.

            (c)        The department.

            (d)       The Michigan department of transportation.

            (e)       The enforcing agency, if applicable and formally adopted.

 

(2)       If a conflict exists between the standards and specifications, the enforcing agency or authorized public agency shall determine which specifications are appropriate for the project.

 

History: 1954 ACS 81, Eff. Jan. 1, 1975; 1979 AC; 1998 MR 7, Eff. July 15, 1998.

 

R 323.1711   Building permits.

 

Rule 1711.  (1) A local agency or general law township that issues building permits shall notify the county or local enforcing agency immediately upon receipt of an application for a building permit that requires an earth change which disturbs 1 or more acres or which located within 500 feet of a lake or stream.

 

(2)       A local agency or general law township shall not issue a building permit to a person engaged in an earth change if the change requires a permit under Part 91 or these rules until the county or local enforcing agency has issued the required state prescribed permit for the earth change.

 

History: 1954 ACS 81, Eff. Jan. 1, 1975; 1979 AC; 1998 MR 7, Eff. July 15, 1998.

 

R 323.1712   Enforcement.

 

Rule 1712. The county or local enforcing agency may issue a cease and desist order or revoke a permit upon its finding that there is a violation of Part 91, these rules, or an approved local ordinance, or a finding that there is a violation of a permit or an approved soil erosion and sedimentation control plan.

 

History: 1954 ACS 81, Eff. Jan. 1, 1975; 1979 AC; 1998 MR 7, Eff. July 15, 1998.


R 323.1713   Periodic review.

 

Rule 1713. The department shall conduct an ongoing comprehensive review and evaluation of all soil erosion and sedimentation control programs that operate under Part 91 and these rules. The department shall notify county and local enforcing agencies and authorized public agencies as to the acceptability of their soil erosion and sedimentation control programs.  The department shall make available a report of its findings of the review and evaluation of all enforcing agencies and authorized public agencies.

 

History: 1954 ACS 81, Eff. Jan. 1, 1975; 1979 AC; 1998 MR 7, Eff. July 15, 1998.

 

R 323.1714   Availability of documents.

 

Rule 1714. Copies of the local conservation district standards and specifications for soil erosion and sedimentation control, as referred to in R 323.1710 are available at each local conservation district office at a nominal cost.  Copies of the department's standards area available from the surface water quality division's Lansing office.  Department of transportation standards are available at the Lansing office for a fee.  Information on other standards may be available from product manufacturers and the enforcing agencies.

 

History: 1954 ACS 81, Eff. Jan. 1, 1975; 1979 AC; 1998 MR 7, Eff. July 15, 199